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Canine Infectious diseases

CANINE DISTEMPER

Distemper can occur in dogs of any age, but is most frequently observed at the age of 3 – 9 months, the age when maternal immunity decreases and acquired immunity has not been given.

It is an infectious disease, especially in high dense population, and can be fatal.

Distemper is transmitted in the air via inhalation, attacking the respiratory system and gastro-intestinal system.

Symptoms

Treatment

INFECTIOUS CANINE HEPATITIS

Can affect dogs of any age, but the severity of the disease lessens over the age of 2 years. It is spread through contact with infected urine, faeces and vomit.

The disease is highly infective and is caused by two adenovirus'. CAV-1 and CAV-2. CAV-1 attacks the liver and CAV-2 attacks the respiratory system and gastro-intestinal system.

Symptoms

Treatment

During recovery dogs may develop 'blue eye', this is a discolouration of the cornea, it maybe permanent, but in most cases the cloudiness goes away with no additional treatment.

Dogs can be left with permanent liver damage.

LEPTOSPIROSIS

Lepotospires are a group of bacteria two of which affect dogs: Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae and Leptospiracanicola.

Symptoms Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae:

Symptoms Leptospiracanicola:

Treatment

PARVOVIRUS

Parvovirus is contracted through infected faeces. It attacks the gastro intestinal system. In young puppies it can cause sudden death due to myocardial (heart muscle) disease. Its is a serious condition with a high fatality rate and death can occur within 72 hours.

Symptoms

Treatment

 

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